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CentOS7.x系统根目录分区扩容

注意:扩容根分区之前,首先保证你装系统的时候选择的是LVM格式而不是标准格式

CentOS7.x系统根目录分区扩容_html


添加一块新磁盘

CentOS7.x系统根目录分区扩容_centos_02

[root@DEV-CMDB-DB02 ~]# fdisk -l

Disk /dev/sda: 53.7 GB, 53687091200 bytes, 104857600 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x000e0945

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 2048 1026047 512000 83 Linux
/dev/sda2 1026048 104857599 51915776 8e Linux LVM

Disk /dev/sdb: 107.4 GB, 107374182400 bytes, 209715200 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/mapper/centos_mb--centos7-root: 47.7 GB, 47747956736 bytes, 93257728 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/mapper/centos_mb--centos7-swap: 5368 MB, 5368709120 bytes, 10485760 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


step3. 根据以上信息,对新增加的磁盘进行分区

[root@DEV-CMDB-DB02 ~]# fdisk /dev/sdb
Welcome to fdisk (util-linux 2.23.2).

Changes will remain in memory only, until you decide to write them.
Be careful before using the write command.

Device does not contain a recognized partition table
Building a new DOS disklabel with disk identifier 0x232defba.

Command (m for help): p

Disk /dev/sdb: 107.4 GB, 107374182400 bytes, 209715200 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x232defba

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System

Command (m for help): n
Partition type:
p primary (0 primary, 0 extended, 4 free)
e extended
Select (default p): p
Partition number (1-4, default 1): 1
First sector (2048-209715199, default 2048):
Using default value 2048
Last sector, +sectors or +size{K,M,G} (2048-209715199, default 209715199):
Using default value 209715199
Partition 1 of type Linux and of size 100 GiB is set

Command (m for help): t
Selected partition 1
Hex code (type L to list all codes): L
Empty 24 NEC DOS 81 Minix / old Lin bf Solaris
FAT12 27 Hidden NTFS Win 82 Linux swap / So c1 DRDOS/sec (FAT-
XENIX root 39 Plan 9 83 Linux c4 DRDOS/sec (FAT-
XENIX usr 3c PartitionMagic 84 OS/2 hidden C: c6 DRDOS/sec (FAT-
FAT16 <32M 40 Venix 80286 85 Linux extended c7 Syrinx
Extended 41 PPC PReP Boot 86 NTFS volume set da Non-FS data
FAT16 42 SFS 87 NTFS volume set db CP/M / CTOS / .
HPFS/NTFS/exFAT 4d QNX4.x 88 Linux plaintext de Dell Utility
AIX 4e QNX4.x 2nd part 8e Linux LVM df BootIt
AIX bootable 4f QNX4.x 3rd part 93 Amoeba e1 DOS access
a OS/2 Boot Manag 50 OnTrack DM 94 Amoeba BBT e3 DOS R/O
b W95 FAT32 51 OnTrack DM6 Aux 9f BSD/OS e4 SpeedStor
c W95 FAT32 (LBA) 52 CP/M a0 IBM Thinkpad hi eb BeOS fs
e W95 FAT16 (LBA) 53 OnTrack DM6 Aux a5 FreeBSD ee GPT
f W95 Ext'd (LBA) 54 OnTrackDM6 a6 OpenBSD ef EFI (FAT-12/16/
OPUS 55 EZ-Drive a7 NeXTSTEP f0 Linux/PA-RISC b
Hidden FAT12 56 Golden Bow a8 Darwin UFS f1 SpeedStor
Compaq diagnost 5c Priam Edisk a9 NetBSD f4 SpeedStor
Hidden FAT16 <3 61 SpeedStor ab Darwin boot f2 DOS secondary
Hidden FAT16 63 GNU HURD or Sys af HFS / HFS+ fb VMware VMFS
Hidden HPFS/NTF 64 Novell Netware b7 BSDI fs fc VMware VMKCORE
AST SmartSleep 65 Novell Netware b8 BSDI swap fd Linux raid auto
1b Hidden W95 FAT3 70 DiskSecure Mult bb Boot Wizard hid fe LANstep
1c Hidden W95 FAT3 75 PC/IX be Solaris boot ff BBT
1e Hidden W95 FAT1 80 Old Minix
Hex code (type L to list all codes): 8e
Changed type of partition 'Linux' to 'Linux LVM'

Command (m for help): p

Disk /dev/sdb: 107.4 GB, 107374182400 bytes, 209715200 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x232defba

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdb1 2048 209715199 104856576 8e Linux LVM

Command (m for help): w
The partition table has been altered!

Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
Syncing disks.

step4. 创建物理卷

[root@DEV-CMDB-DB02 ~]# pvcreate /dev/sdb1
Physical volume "/dev/sdb1" successfully created

step5. 查看物理卷信息

[root@DEV-CMDB-DB02 ~]# pvdisplay
--- Physical volume ---
PV Name /dev/sda2
VG Name centos_mb-centos7
PV Size 49.51 GiB / not usable 3.00 MiB
Allocatable yes
PE Size 4.00 MiB
Total PE 12674
Free PE 10
Allocated PE 12664
PV UUID 8WbgjB-T1Lf-kqUD-qPFw-UwJu-B9Lc-GAUTUB

"/dev/sdb1" is a new physical volume of "100.00 GiB"
--- NEW Physical volume ---
PV Name /dev/sdb1
VG Name
PV Size 100.00 GiB
Allocatable NO
PE Size 0
Total PE 0
Free PE 0
Allocated PE 0
PV UUID HOknRs-TnMy-wtfX-sGqD-5RK9-dk9q-ze13fj
[root@DEV-CMDB-DB02 ~]# vgdisplay
--- Volume group ---
VG Name centos_mb-centos7
System ID
Format lvm2
Metadata Areas 1
Metadata Sequence No 3
VG Access read/write
VG Status resizable
MAX LV 0
Cur LV 2
Open LV 2
Max PV 0
Cur PV 1
Act PV 1
VG Size 49.51 GiB
PE Size 4.00 MiB
Total PE 12674
Alloc PE / Size 12664 / 49.47 GiB
Free PE / Size 10 / 40.00 MiB
VG UUID aN2D2P-Rk1y-wGFz-5l2I-5CcD-7s88-Z8czc7

step6. 将新增加的分区/dev/sdb1加入到根目录分区centos_mb-centos7中

[root@DEV-CMDB-DB02 ~]# vgextend centos_mb-centos7 /dev/sdb1
Volume group "centos_mb-centos7" successfully extended

step7. 重新查看卷组信息

[root@DEV-CMDB-DB02 ~]# vgdisplay
--- Volume group ---
VG Name centos_mb-centos7
System ID
Format lvm2
Metadata Areas 2
Metadata Sequence No 4
VG Access read/write
VG Status resizable
MAX LV 0
Cur LV 2
Open LV 2
Max PV 0
Cur PV 2
Act PV 2
VG Size 149.50 GiB
PE Size 4.00 MiB
Total PE 38273
Alloc PE / Size 12664 / 49.47 GiB
Free PE / Size 25609 / 100.04 GiB
VG UUID aN2D2P-Rk1y-wGFz-5l2I-5CcD-7s88-Z8czc7

step9. 进行卷扩容

[root@DEV-CMDB-DB02 ~]# lvextend -l +100%FREE /dev/mapper/centos_mb--centos7-root
Size of logical volume centos_mb-centos7/root changed from 44.47 GiB (11384 extents) to 144.50 GiB (36993 extents).
Logical volume root successfully resized.

step10. 调整卷分区大小

[root@DEV-CMDB-DB02 ~]# xfs_growfs /dev/mapper/centos_mb--centos7-root
meta-data=/dev/mapper/centos_mb--centos7-root isize=256 agcount=4, agsize=2914304 blks
= sectsz=512 attr=2, projid32bit=1
= crc=0 finobt=0
data = bsize=4096 blocks=11657216, imaxpct=25
= sunit=0 swidth=0 blks
naming =version 2 bsize=4096 ascii-ci=0 ftype=0
log =internal bsize=4096 blocks=5692, version=2
= sectsz=512 sunit=0 blks, lazy-count=1
realtime =none extsz=4096 blocks=0, rtextents=0
data blocks changed from 11657216 to 37880832

最后,查看磁盘信息可以看出根目录分区大小已成功扩容

[root@DEV-CMDB-DB02 ~]# df -h
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/centos_mb--centos7-root 145G 9.8G 135G 7% /
devtmpfs 5.9G 0 5.9G 0% /dev
tmpfs 5.9G 84K 5.9G 1% /dev/shm
tmpfs 5.9G 8.9M 5.9G 1% /run
tmpfs 5.9G 0 5.9G 0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/sda1 497M 142M 356M 29% /boot
tmpfs 1.2G 16K 1.2G 1% /run/user/42
tmpfs 1.2G 0 1.2G 0% /run/user/0

 相关文献:

http://blog.51cto.com/506554897/1926651?cid=694402

LVM相关知识:

Linux下对lvm逻辑卷分区大小的调整(针对xfs和ext4不同文件系统)


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